You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The graph below shows average carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per person in the United Kingdom, Sweden, Italy and Portugal between 1967 and 2007.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
The line graph compares the average emissions of carbon dioxide per person in 4 European countries from 1967 to 2007.
Overall, it is clear that the UK produced the most emissions per capita of the 4 nations over the period although the levels fell slightly. The amount of CO2 emitted per person dropped more markedly in Sweden while levels rose in Italy and Portugal.
In 1967, the UK and Sweden had the highest emissions per person with around 11 metric tonnes and 9 tonnes respectively. Portuguese people had much lower output, with under 2 tonnes and Italians about double this. Over the next decade, carbon dioxide emissions soared in Sweden to peak at just over 10 tonnes per person before falling suddenly. By the end of the period, Swedes had reduced their levels to under 6 tonnes while in the UK, the figure had fallen less sharply to around 9 tonnes.
In contrast, there were significant increases in the CO2 emitted by Italians and Portuguese over the 40 years. Italy’s figure almost doubled, making it the second highest emitter by 2007 while Portugal’s figure rose even more dramatically to about 5 tonnes per person in the final year.
(198 words | band 9)
written by a Bayside IELTS expert, Melbourne
(Task from Cambridge IELTS Book 11, CUP, 2016)