Task 2: Health

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic:


Despite huge improvements in healthcare, the overall standard of physical health in many developed countries is now falling. What could be the reasons for this trend, and what can be done to reverse it?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.


In recent years, even though healthcare systems in the developed world have advanced dramatically, there has been a steady decline in individuals’ health and fitness. In this essay, I will examine the causes of this and suggest some ways to reverse the trend.

Without a doubt, the main factor driving the drop in standards of health is lifestyle. First of all, the amount of food we eat has changed significantly in recent years, becoming much higher in fat, salt and sugar. Not only are we eating less nutritious food, but we are eating far too much of it. Portion sizes, particularly in countries such as Australia and the USA have virtually tripled in recent decades. All of this consumption can result in obesity, heart disease and other chronic ailments. In addition to diet, people in the developed world tend to have sedentary lifestyles. In other words, they spend too much time on the computer, in the car or on the couch instead of walking and running in their daily lives. This lack of activity also has dire consequences for health.

There are, however, some simple ways to counter this trend. The key is to start early and educate children from a young age to be aware of nutrition and to value sport and activity. This may mean including physical education or nutrition as compulsory school subjects. In addition to these interventions, governments too can help by subsidising gym memberships or providing more free community spaces for exercise. Workplaces can play a role as well by providing fitness classes or cooking lessons to staff. Ultimately, however, the individuals themselves need to take responsibility for their own wellbeing.

In conclusion, although the rise in health problems may seem like a daunting challenge, the solutions are achievable and, indeed, vital, if people wish to live long and productive lives.

(306 words | Band 9)

Written by a Bayside IELTS expert, Melbourne



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