Task 2: Crime (re-offending)

 

You should spend around 40 minutes on this task. Write at least 250 words

Many criminals re-offend after they have been punished. Why do some people continue to commit crimes after they have been punished, and what measures can be taken to tackle this problem?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words

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Before writing this essay, I read this article from The Guardian. It gave me lots of good ideas and some nice vocabulary chunks too.

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Crime is a pervasive problem in most countries around the world. Despite penalties such as incarceration and fines, many criminals are likely to re-offend. In this essay, I will outline three main reasons for this and suggest some ways to minimise the problem.

Criminals commit offences after punishment for several reasons. Firstly, their background plays a major role. For instance, if a person comes from a criminal family, or has friends involved in drugs and burglaries, it can be difficult for them to escape this world. In addition to this social factor, substance abuse can also increase the likelihood of returning to crime. Indeed, the majority of crime stems from drug and alcohol addiction. Finally, being an ex-convict often means being stigmatised and excluded from society. This ostracism may thus limit their ability to find work, housing and, essentially, to rebuild their lives. Without any opportunities, the offender may revert to a life of crime.

Despite the seriousness of the recidivism problem, there are a number of possible ways to remedy the situation. The key factor is the treatment of the underlying issues. In many cases, this may mean rehabilitation for drug or alcohol dependence, either in prison or in the community.  In other cases, education programs or training could be useful. These practical skills and qualifications can enhance employability, which would, in turn, dramatically reduce the risk of re-offending. To complement this, work placements or job-hunting assistance would also help to improve former criminals’ prospects.

In conclusion, although re-offending can be a vicious cycle, driven by background and social problems, it can be reduced by effective intervention initiatives and greater support in the community.

(275 words | band 9)

written by a Bayside IELTS expert

 

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