Task 2: Animals

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic:

With deforestation, urban development and illegal hunting, many animal species are becoming endangered and some are even facing extinction.

Do you think it is important to protect animals? What can be done to deal with this problem?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. Write at least 250 words.


Many species are on the verge of extinction as a result of habitat destruction, poaching and population growth. In my view, it is vital to work towards the preservation of all species and there are a number of ways to do this.

Without doubt, animal conservation must be a global priority. Humans are just one part of a delicately balanced ecosystem so when one species is lost, the knock-on effect can be catastrophic. This is true regardless of the size and distribution of a species. Take bees as an example. Although they may be considered simply an annoyance to ordinary people, in fact they play a vital role in pollination and, therefore, food supply. Without them, our entire agricultural system, upon which we rely so heavily, would collapse. Thus, it is vital for government, scientists, conservationists and the general public to work on the prevention of extinction.

There are several ways to protect animals. The most effective one is habitat preservation. Indeed, this is essential for a species’ long-term viability. To protect wilderness areas and habitat, urban sprawl must be curbed and deforestation limited to a smaller, sustainable scale. This may mean increasing the density of urban areas by building up, rather than out. Another option is to crack down on illegal hunters through heavy penalties and greater surveillance. Such initiatives are already having an impact on threatened tiger populations in Sumatra. Lastly, more research and education about breeding up captive populations and sharing such knowledge globally could also be effective.

In conclusion, although the situation for many animals is dire, with cooperation and creative thinking, their future may not be so bleak.

(273 words | Band 9)

Written by a Bayside IELTS expert


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